When it comes to visualizing data, there are so many options available to developers. With visualization solutions like Power BI and Tableau, creating visuals for use in reports and dashboards is easier than ever, but with this luxury comes a whole new issue. How do you best visualize data? Much like those pesky multiple choice problems from school (or technical certification exams), you have to choose the best answer, regardless of the number of answers that might be technically correct. The best data visualization is one that can be interpreted quickly, is intuitive, and supports actionable analysis. It provides measurable value to the user. To create a visual that meets these standards, follow these Cardinal rules:
- Keep it simple, but not stupid. Don’t overload a visual, report, or dashboard with more information than is needed, but make it smart. This requires a delicate balance of conveying enough information to yield value, without overdoing it. With the large amount of options and customizations available for visualizations, as developers it’s only natural to want to try them all. While the ability to make pie charts on top of a map on top of another chart with dozens of colors might seem cool, it could overcrowd your visual, making it difficult for users to extract what they actually want from it. To make information easier to digest, either cut back on what is displayed in a visual or break data out into multiple visuals. A visualization should have enough context to allow it to stand alone, but should not force the user to sift through extraneous detail to find the information they need.
- Emphasize important data. The most important data should immediately draw the user’s eye. People read left to right, top to bottom, and are naturally attracted to the largest and brightest item on a page—use this to your advantage. If it will be in a report or dashboard with multiple visualizations, make it stand out by making it larger and placing it near the top left-hand corner. Tableau has a useful graphic that shows where the most important parts of a dashboard are. Essentially, the top left hand corner and dead center are where our eyes gravitate first. The bottom right corner is typically the most ignored space on a dashboard. Users want to be able to gather important information quickly, and making vital data stand out with size, color, and thoughtful placement supports this.
- Focus on your audience. Work closely with intended users, and understand what actions they want to be able to take based on the data they consume. This will point you, as the developer, in the right direction for creating a meaningful and valuable visualization. If the visual doesn’t portray what the user needs, it doesn’t matter how nice it looks, how many interactive features it has, or how hard you worked on it—it doesn’t work.
Whether you are creating a single visualization, or an entire report or dashboard, all of these rules apply. They may seem basic, but developers often miss the mark by violating one or more of these guidelines. Although there is much more to be said on the topic, keeping these principles in mind will start you on the path to creating great data visualizations.
Stay tuned for a post discussing common data visualization mistakes and how to avoid them …